Breivik Trial Judge Dropped

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The state’s appeal of the ruling in favor of Norwegian political mass killer Anders Breivik has undergone a change in judges.

Justice Ellen Mo was set to preside over the appeal — in May the Oslo District Court found that Breivik’s charges that the state was treating him unfairly according to the EU Convention on Human Rights, ie violating his human rights, and the state appealed the decision — but her service in government has caused her to be dropped.

Mo served briefly under the Labour Government in 2000-2001. She was Finance Minister under premier Jens Stoltenbert.

Breivik’s attacks targeted the Labour Party, whose policies Breivik considered detrimental to Norway. In particular, the mass immigration policies that Breivik and a minority of Norwegians at the time took issue with. Since that time, largely due to several large-scale attacks in various Western countries and a change in media coverage of violence committed by Muslims, more Norwegians have taken stances against mass immigration.

The appeal will begin November 29 and is expected to take around four days.

Mass Immigration Policy In UK Challenged By Top Economics Prof

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Report by Cambridge professor’s takes a critical look at economics of immigration

The current large-scale immigration policy of the UK will result in small gross economic benefits while creating serious negative consequences, according to a UK economics professor who has just published a report on his research.

The moral and practical questions related to controlling immigration in the UK are ones that have concerned Dr. Robert Rowthorn, Emeritus Professor of Economics at Cambridge University in England, the author of several books on economics, for a number of years, he wrote in the new report broadly covering the economic and demographic consequences of immigration on advanced economies.

The UK’s immigrant numbers shot up from 4.9 million in 1991 to 8.3 million last year — not counting the children of immigrants — half of which were employed in the countries work force, the prime economic benefit of immigration, according to Rowthorn.

In drawing conclusions about the net effects of immigration, Rowthorn wrote that current numbers combined with the children born to immigrants would raise the UK population 20 million over the next 50 years, and the total GDP of the UK would rise faster than otherwise, but the per capita GDP would not see an appreciable change.

Economic gains for the UK from immigration would be achieved mainly from the young age of immigrants — working age citizens.

However, the effects of young immigrants even in large numbers would be modest, Rowthorn found, and the immigrants would themselves age, so that a younger UK population could only be maintained by continually higher rates of immigration.

Whether or not the UK increases immigration rates to maintain a lower working-age population over decades, the “dependency rate” of the UK — the number of citizens age 65 and over who must be supported by younger citizens — will increase significantly due to current immigration numbers as the new young workers age.

Rowthorn also noted that because the primary benefit to the UK economy is the age structure of the population, gains could be achieved with much lower immigration numbers and lower population growth.

Rowthorn also documented several negative effects of immigration on the UK.

Immigrants have a negative impact on native employment, as estimated by the Migration Advisory Committee. Unskilled workers’ wages in the UK have dropped due to competition with immigrants, and will continue to drop as immigration continues.

European Union governments have responded to this effect by increasing screening for educated and skilled workers, but this impoverishes the source countries of their professional and talented workers — “enriching ourselves at their expense,” as Rowthorn puts it.

Overall, the benefits the UK sees due to its large number of immigrants and their descendants are small compared to the negative impacts, Rawthorn concluded.

Rowthorn advised lower immigration rates and an increased retirement age to improve the UK economy. “Many people would consider it better to settle for much less immigration and much slower population growth at the cost of slightly faster ageing,” he wrote.

By Andy Stern

The report, “The Costs And Benefits Of Large-Scale Immigration,” is available in full online as a pdf.